Universities need to evolve. University 1.0 was driven by religion. University 2.0 was driven by the state. University 3.0 was driven by philanthropy. All three versions of universities will continue but we need University 4.0 (U4.0) that will consider cost, employability and equity as objectives besides excellence.
Many educators agree online learning can transform education. We believe that the massification of machine learning could be the missing ingredient—enabling personalization, flip classrooms, rethinking assessments, enabling non-conventional credentialing, etc
In India, just about 45% of our fresh graduates are employable. Our education system needs to be more case-study based so that students can develop their cognitive and intuitive skills and are able to cope with real-life situations.
The more traditional and rigid teaching models are now being replaced by adaptive and personalized pedagogies, examples of which include mobile based learning, open educational resources, and utilization of AR and VR for learning, and mobile-based learning.